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Gartner Magic Quadrant for Endpoint Protection Platforms
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Trellix Threat Labs Research Report: April 2022

Trellix Threat Labs Research Report: April 2022

Our report on the rise of cyberattacks in the fourth quarter and Ukraine in the start of the new year.

Cyberattacks Targeting Ukraine and HermeticWiper Protections

Cyberattacks Targeting Ukraine and HermeticWiper Protections

Analysis from the Trellix Advanced Threat Research (ATR) team of wipers deployed in Ukraine leading to likely connection between Whispergate, and HermeticWiper.

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Trellix CEO, Bryan Palma, explains the critical need for security that’s always learning.

Trellix Introduction Video
Trellix Introduction

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Trellix Global Defenders: Analysis and Protections for BlackByte Ransomware

BlackByte Ransomware has been in the news of late due to a successful attack against a National Football League (NFL) Franchise and a Joint Cybersecurity Advisory by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the U.S. Secret Service (USSS) warning on breaches to the networks of at least three organizations from US critical infrastructure sectors in the last three months. BlackByte Ransomware is currently being offered to threat actors as a Ransomware-as-a-Service (RaaS) and makes use of PowerShell and Windows CLI commands to carry out various tasks such as network discovery, task scheduling and to create and disable Windows and security services.

BlackByte Ransomware makes files inaccessible by encrypting them and generates a ransom note (the "BlackByte_restoremyfiles.hta" file) that contains instructions on how to contact the attackers for data decryption and other details. Also, BlackByte appends the ".blackbyte" extension to the names of encrypted files. BlackByte does have worming capabilities and can infect additional endpoints on the same network.

Figure 1. MITRE ATT&CK Framework for BlackByte Ransomware
Figure 1. MITRE ATT&CK Framework for BlackByte Ransomware

Recommended Steps to Prevent Initial Access

The Joint Cybersecurity Advisory provides several recommendations to secure your environment against BlackByte that were gathered from their analysis of malware samples discovered in the wild.

  • BlackByte operators have been observed exploiting the following CVEs to gain initial access, patching is recommended to prevent exploitation.
    • CVE-2021-34473 - Microsoft Exchange Server Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
    • CVE-2021-34523 - Microsoft Exchange Server Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability
    • CVE-2021-31207 - Microsoft Exchange Server Security Feature Bypass Vulnerability
  • Blocking IP Addresses known to download additional payloads in BlackByte attacks prior to encryption: 185.93.6.31 and 45.9.148.114.
  • Disable unused remote access/Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) ports and monitor remote access/RDP logs for any unusual activity.
  • After gaining access to the service accounts some adversaries have utilized AnyDesk for lateral movement, monitoring for AnyDesk activity can be an early indicator of compromise if AnyDesk is not utilized or allowed by your organization.
  • Review domain controllers, servers, workstations, and active directories for new or unrecognized user accounts.
  • Disable hyperlinks in received emails.

Joint Cybersecurity Advisory: Indicators of Compromise Associated with BlackByte Ransomware

Trellix Protections and Global Detections

Trellix Global Threat Intelligence is currently detecting all known analyzed indicators for this campaign.

Figure 2. Trellix Products detecting this threat globally. Source: MVISION Insights
Figure 2. Trellix Products detecting this threat globally. Source: MVISION Insights

Blocking BlackByte Attacks with Endpoint Security

Trellix ENS is currently detecting BlackByte Indicators of Compromise (IOCs) from the standpoint of signature detections and the malware behavior associated with BlackByte Ransomware attacks. The following Exploit Prevention Rule in ENS has shown success in stopping BlackByte samples due to BlackByte being Script-based. Trellix always recommends testing in Report Only Mode before blocking to confirm no false positives are being detected by this signature rule.

Exploit Prevention Signature ID 6207: ASR : File Download attempt by Scripts

Figure 3. Exploit Prevention Rule in ePolicy Orchestrator/MVISION ePO
Figure 3. Exploit Prevention Rule in ePolicy Orchestrator/MVISION ePO
Figure 4. MVISION EDR noting where Endpoint Protection (ENS) could have stopped specific techniques
Figure 4. MVISION EDR noting where Endpoint Protection (ENS) could have stopped specific techniques
Figure 5. Ransomware Detection Name and Observed Detections noted in MVISION Insights
Figure 5. Ransomware Detection Name and Observed Detections noted in MVISION Insights

BlackByte Threat Intelligence from the Trellix Advanced Threat Research Team and MVISION Insights

MVISION Insights will provide the current threat intelligence and known indicators for BlackByte Ransomware. MVISION Insights will alert to detections and Process Traces that have been observed and systems that require additional attention to prevent widespread infection. MVISION Insights will also include Hunting Rules for threat hunting and further intelligence gathering of the threat activity and adversary.

MVISION Insights Campaign Names: Cybersecurity Advisory - BlackByte Ransomware and JavaScript Malware Threat Landscape

Figure 6. Campaign Details, Analyzed Indicators of Compromise, and Detections
Figure 6. Campaign Details, Analyzed Indicators of Compromise, and Detections
Figure 7. Hunting Rules for BlackByte Ransomware in MVISION Insights
Figure 7. Hunting Rules for BlackByte Ransomware in MVISION Insights

Detecting Malicious Activity with MVISION EDR

MVISION EDR is currently monitoring for the activity associated with BlackByte Ransomware and will note the MITRE techniques and any suspicious indicators related to the adversarial activity. Several of the techniques outlined in the Joint Advisory that are observed with BlackByte are noted below, monitoring for this type of activity can point to activity associated with the Tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) for BlackByte.

Figure 8. Network Connection to Known Malicious IP Address Associated with BlackByte
Figure 8. Network Connection to Known Malicious IP Address Associated with BlackByte
Figure 9. Enabling of remote registry for possible preparation of Lateral Movement
Figure 9. Enabling of remote registry for possible preparation of Lateral Movement
Figure 10. Deletion of Shadow Copy to inhibit system recovery
Figure 10. Deletion of Shadow Copy to inhibit system recovery

Trellix offers Threat Intelligence Briefings along with Cloud Security and Data Protection workshops to provide customers with best practice recommendations on how to utilize their existing security controls to protect against adversarial and insider threats, please reach out if you would like to schedule a workshop with your organization.

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